Types of Posthumanism

Posthuman or post-human is a concept originating in the fields of science fiction, futurology, contemporary art, and philosophy that literally means a person or entity that exists in a state beyond being human.

Posthumanism or post-humanism (meaning “after humanism” or “beyond humanism”) is a term with several different meanings.


Antihumanism is any theory that is critical of traditional humanism and traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition.

Cultural posthumanism

Cultural posthumanism is a branch of cultural theory critical of the foundational assumptions of humanism and its legacy that examines and questions the historical notions of “human” and “human nature”, often challenging typical notions of human subjectivity and embodiment and strives to move beyond archaic concepts of “human nature” to develop ones which constantly adapt to contemporary technoscientific knowledge.

Philosophical posthumanism

Philosophical posthumanism is a philosophical direction which draws on cultural posthumanism, the philosophical strand examines the ethical implications of expanding the circle of moral concern and extending subjectivities beyond the human species.

Posthuman condition

Posthuman condition is the deconstruction of the human condition by critical theorists.


Transhumanism is an ideology and movement which seeks to develop and make available technologies that eliminate aging and greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities, in order to achieve a “posthuman future” or post-biologically-exclusive-human future.

AI takeover

AI takeover is a more pessimistic alternative to transhumanism in which humans will not be enhanced, but rather eventually replaced by artificial intelligences. Some philosophers, including Nick Land, promote the view that humans should embrace and accept their eventual demise. This is related to the view of “cosmism” which supports the building of strong artificial intelligence even if it may entail the end of humanity as in their view it “would be a cosmic tragedy if humanity freezes evolution at the puny human level”.

Voluntary Human Extinction

Also known as Dumbasfuckism

Voluntary Human Extinction, which seeks a “posthuman future” that in this case is a future without humans. This idea is one of the dumbest idea imaginable. Hence the name: dumb-as-fuckism. The original name, jumpinfrontofamovingbusism was thought to be too long; thus it voluntarily chose to have itself deleted.

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